Communalism, Familism, and Filial Piety: Are They Birds of a Collectivist Feather?

The present studies examined the extent to which (a) communalism, familism, and filial piety would pattern onto a single family/relationship primacy construct; (b) this construct would be closely related to indices of collectivism; and (c) this construct would be related to positive psychosocial functioning and psychological distress. In Study 1, 1,773 students from nine colleges and universities around the United States completed measures of communalism, familism, and filial piety, as well as of individualistic and collectivistic values. Results indicated that communalism, familism, and filial piety clustered onto a single factor. This factor, to which we refer as family/relationship primacy, was closely and positively related to collectivism but only weakly and positively related to individualism and independence. In Study 2, 10,491 students from 30 colleges and universities in 20 U.S. states completed measures of communalism, familism, and filial piety, as well as of positive psychosocial functioning and psychological distress. The family/relationship primacy factor again emerged and was positively associated with both positive psychosocial functioning and psychological distress. Clinical implications and future directions for the study of cultural values are discussed.

Author(s): Schwartz, S.J., Weisskirch, R.S., Hurley, E.A., Zamboanga, B.L., Park, I.J., Kim, S.Y., Umana-Taylor, A., Castillo, L.G., Brown, E. & Greene, A.D.
Publication: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Year: 2010

Areas of Study: , , , ,

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